Hormone Replacement Therapy
What is hormone replacement therapy?
When women reach menopause, their estrogen levels fall causing uncomfortable symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT, also known as hormone therapy, menopausal hormone therapy, and estrogen replacement therapy) is the most effective treatment for these menopausal conditions.
Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy
- Estrogen Therapy
- Estrogen pill — Pills are the most common treatment for menopausal symptoms, also is available in a vaginal ring, gel, or spray
- Estrogen patch — the patch is worn on the skin of the abdomen.
- Topical Estrogen – Creams, gels and sprays offer other ways of getting estrogen into the system.
- Vaginal estrogen — available in creams, vaginal ring, or vaginal estrogen tablets. Vaginal estrogen is effective for women who suffer from vaginal dryness, itchiness, and burning or pain during intercourse.
- Estrogen/Progesterone/Progestin Hormone Therapy – This combination therapy, combining estrogen and progestin, the synthetic form of progesterone. It’s meant for women who still have their uterus, and is usually taken in pill form (oral progestins).
What conditions would contraindicate hormone replacement therapy?
- Blood clots
- Cancer (such as breast, uterine, or endometrial)
- Heart or liver disease
- Heart attack
- Known or suspected pregnancy
What Are the Side Effects of Hormone Replacement Therapy?
If you experience any of these side effects, call your doctor right away.
- Breast swelling or tenderness
- Mood changes
- Vaginal bleeding
SBC Medical Group
The physicians and staff at SBC Medical Group are committed to helping you understand hormone replacement therapy. Contact us with any inquiries.